Các mốc thời gian phát triển quan trọng ở trẻ


Understanding the development in each infant’s journey will help parents be more proactive and confident in caring for and raising children, as well as detect early signs of abnormality and developmental delay in their children.

However, the important stages of infant development are very little known to young parents, most parents only raise their children based on oral experience. This is the reason why parents often feel confused and worried when their children enter a new stage of development.

Parents will find it easier to care for and raise their children when they understand the child’s development better.

So if parents want to be proactive when raising babies and understand each important stage of a child’s development in the first years of life, please find out in the following article of POH!

Baby’s sleep development schedule

Infant sleep is very important for the holistic development of both mind and body. Scientists have proven that the nerve cells of the baby develop very strongly when the baby is in deep sleep.

When your child gets a deep and sufficient sleep, his body will be restored to energy and develop, making him always feel happier, more comfortable and eat better.

On the contrary, when children do not get enough sleep, children will often be tired and irritable, which negatively affects the development of children and also makes parents more prone to stress and stress when raising children.

Therefore, children need to be guaranteed both the time and quality of sleep to be able to develop best, especially for night sleep.

The length of time an infant sleeps from month to month can vary, especially the time it takes to sleep during the day.

Parents will find that babies sleep a lot both during the day and at night, however, parents should help their children balance the time between sleeps, avoid the baby sleeping too much during the day, making it difficult to sleep at night, falling into a bad mood. “sleeping day and night”.

The total sleep time of children by age is not fixed and will vary, but experts recommend the length of night sleep for children should be at least 8.5 hours.

Mothers can refer to the infant sleep time table when practicing raising children according to POH’s EASY method for more details about the length of each sleep as well as the maximum waking time of the day.

Mothers can also refer to more information in the article Children’s Sleep Development Schedule.

Timeline of teething and teething of children

The teething period of children usually starts from about 6 months old, some babies grow earlier or later than this milestone. But if by the time the child is 1 year old, the parents have not seen any signs of teething, the parents should take the child to see a doctor for a checkup.

The normal order of teething in children is the lower incisors, then the upper incisors, then the lateral incisors of the two jaws, followed by the first molars and canines. The remaining molars will grow in turn after the child has grown canines.

However, many children grow their teeth in this order, some children have their upper front teeth first, and some children have their front teeth. This is normal as each baby will have a unique developmental rhythm.

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Your baby may have a slight fever when teething.

Regardless of which baby teeth come in first, parents need to pay close attention to their child’s oral hygiene. Mothers should use a toothbrush and toothpaste for children to clean the surfaces of their children’s teeth every day.

After each weaning or feeding, the mother should also clean the baby’s teeth with a clean towel.

The length of time your baby’s permanent teeth come in can depend on how long your baby’s primary teeth are, meaning that if your baby gets their baby teeth early, he or she may enter the replacement phase of permanent teeth earlier and vice versa.

Usually, children will lose their permanent teeth between the ages of 6 and 12.

For more details about the order and time of teething of children, please read more in the article Timeline of teething and teething of children.

Child feeding schedule

Parents all know that the infant’s nutrition is very dependent on breast milk, so the mother’s diet is very important. Mothers should eat balanced, full of nutrients and drink at least 2 liters of water a day to ensure the quality of breast milk.

The diet for babies 1 month old and under 6 months old is entirely breast milk or formula milk with different amounts of milk depending on the needs of each month of the baby.

Experts recommend that parents should not give children under 6 months old to eat or drink anything other than breast milk/SCT to ensure the best health safety for their children.

Nutrition for 1 year old baby includes breast milk and solid foods.

The diet for babies from 6-12 months old begins to include foods other than milk because the baby has reached the stage of starting solid foods. Mothers should refer to the order of food introduction and the principles of food allergy testing for children to build a healthy and reasonable weaning menu for the baby.

And whether a mother chooses the traditional method of weaning, Japanese-style weaning, or baby-led weaning, she should also adhere to a few general principles such as not seasoning children’s food, not forcing them to eat. Eat and feed your child only on demand, apply table discipline properly…

Invite mothers to learn about the signs of readiness for weaning and feeding characteristics of their babies by month of age in the article Feeding schedule.

The process of learning to speak of children

Before babies learn to talk, babies use their adorable cries and body movements to communicate with you. At about 3-4 months old, mom will be very surprised to hear her baby babble some meaningful words like mama, grandma, papa…

If you don’t see your baby talking at 6 months or he can’t make eye contact with people, you should take him to the doctor for a closer examination.

Some babies will learn to speak sooner or later but not being able to babble a word by the age of 6 months could be a sign of abnormal development in the baby.

A few months old baby can talk is a concern of many parents raising their children for the first time.

At the stage when your baby is learning to speak, he will be very interested when someone listens and responds to his words. Therefore, parents should regularly spend time talking with their children to help them develop better language skills.

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Parents can take advantage of talking to their children when doing anything by telling and describing what is happening around the child, for example, “I am changing a clean diaper to make you more comfortable”, or “It’s time to take a bath, let’s go take a cool shower”…

When teaching children to talk, parents should look directly into their children’s eyes, pronounce them clearly and unequivocally so that their children learn how to pronounce correctly, and avoid using slurred words to teach children.

How children develop the ability to talk month by month, invite parents to find out in the article How to effectively teach children to speak!

Children’s learning to walk milestones

Before your baby learns to walk, he will practice the skills of rolling, sitting, crawling, and standing in front. These skills help your baby work out his muscles and learn to balance so he’s ready to walk.

The time to learn to walk can vary according to the development and physicality of each child, most babies will start learning to walk between 9-15 months of age.

At first, the baby can only walk when clinging to a support, then gradually he will learn to walk on his own two feet.

A child’s learning to walk is influenced by many factors, such as weight or family environment.

Babies who are overweight will have more difficulty learning to walk than babies of moderate weight because their large weight makes it more difficult for them to balance. Children with older siblings will learn to walk faster when they often play with their siblings.

When teaching children to walk, mothers should let them go barefoot to help them perfect skills better.

Mothers can apply a trick to help the baby learn to walk quickly by keeping the baby standing on her feet and then the mother and child walk together or help the baby walk from behind, but do not push or pull the baby to follow her to avoid accidents. unfortunate accident.

During the baby’s learning to walk, parents need to pay close attention to the safety of their children and should keep an eye on them 24/7.

You should keep unsafe objects out of your baby’s reach, clean the floor and put thin cushions on the floor to prevent your child from falling.

Mothers should also install stairs and kitchen barriers so that children do not arbitrarily enter dangerous areas.

Please read more articles on Baby’s toddler milestones to explore the development of this skill step by step.

Children’s social development milestones

Children’s developmental milestones in all aspects are largely concentrated in the first 3 years of life, so is social development.

Therefore, the care and educational orientation of parents in the family will greatly affect the formation of children’s personality, skills, cognition and other social aspects.

Because your child’s social milestones are more difficult to recognize than other skills, every time you notice something new in your child, you should write it down immediately.

For example, the first time I smiled at strangers or the first time I knew how to kiss my parents’ cheeks to express my feelings…

Your child will develop social skills very quickly when interacting with friends.

Children’s language development milestones are a good foundation to help their social skills develop faster. When children can talk, they will know how to express their attitudes, feelings, opinions and know how to get to know other friends to start building their first social relationships.

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We invite you to learn more about this development in your child’s social development milestones.

The milestones of the child’s height and weight development

The growth of height and weight of babies is something that parents and fathers are very concerned about. Because they are the most noticeable to assess the overall development of children. However, parents do not forget that the first round index is also a very important criterion. Parents should monitor all three indicators of height, weight, and head circumference to have the best assessment of their child’s development.

Normally, the standard height and weight of boys are usually slightly higher than that of girls. A baby boy can be 1-3cm taller and 0.5-2kg heavier than a girl of the same age in the first year of life.

In addition to the gender, height, weight, and head circumference of a newborn baby depends on many factors. For example, genetics and living environment, sleep quality, care regimen, mother’s nutrition during pregnancy, child’s diet and health condition.

You should measure your child’s height and weight in the morning to get the most accurate measurements.

Mothers should remember that each child is an individual and each child will have a unique growth rate, no two babies are the same.

Therefore, all general information about children’s development is for reference only. Mothers should not be too pressured in raising children according to “standard” but should calmly observe and listen to the needs of children so that the journey of caring and raising children is really happy moments for the whole family.

The standard height and weight of Vietnamese babies are calculated according to the growth chart of the international organization WHO, please refer to the article Tracking the growth of babies


If you simply focus on weaning, on how to make delicious food for your baby, you won’t be able to solve your child’s “eating” problem. Because the schedule of activities (eating milk – eating solids – sleeping) is closely related and affects each other.

How long to eat milk from weaning? How to combine them? How many meals a day? How is each stage adjusted? How to ensure your baby still has enough milk requirements while still ensuring effective weaning.

Eating and sleeping are closely related, if you don’t eat well, you won’t sleep well, if you don’t sleep enough, you will eat poorly. If the schedule is not suitable, the child will be anorexic and lazy to eat. Then there is the fear of eating.

So EASY Two will help you comprehensively solve all your child’s problems.

What’s in EASY Two?

  • Detailed schedule of children’s activities in the period from 12-49 weeks
  • Guide older babies to sleep on their own (do not commit to sleeping by themselves 100% if 0-12 weeks can’t fall asleep on their own)
  • Knowledge of psychophysiology at weaning age, common problems and crisis weeks
  • 4 methods of weaning with the menu of each meal on all days:

+ Traditional EASY Two style weaning,

+ Japanese-style weaning – EASY Two,

+ BLW weaning,

+ EASY Two combined weaning (Japanese weaning + BLW, Traditional weaning + BLW).

Join “EASY Two (12-49w): EASY style weaning” now: http://easytwo.poh.vn/

Note: POH accepts children under 40 weeks to join EASY Two.

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